Replacing combustion vehicles with electric cars is one of the strongest bets to reduce CO 2 emissions and help improve people’s quality of life.
Transport is one of the most polluting sectors: it contributes more than a quarter of greenhouse gas emissions. The replacement of combustion vehicles by electric vehicles is emerging as one of the best alternatives to reduce CO2 emissions and thus combat climate change.
Research and implementation of alternative technologies is essential to reduce these emissions and private companies, in addition to institutions, play an important role in this work.
Cheaper and more efficient vehicles
In the last 20 years, the electric car has undergone a significant technological advance that has not only reduced its cost, but has also made it more efficient. The current models have between 200 km and 400 km of autonomy, although there are brands that can even duplicate this data.
This advance is being produced not only by the innovation in batteries, but also by improvements in their design, in braking charging systems, in better wind resistance, “Eco” driving and energy efficiency systems that They help the driver to reduce consumption.
Institutional support has played a key role in promoting and developing the electric car. The European Union has seen the need to promote electric mobility not only as a tool to achieve its objectives in the fight against climate change, but also as an opportunity for European industry to be competitive in the global automotive sector.
Some countries have taken the initiative and have already begun to study measures to favour the introduction of the electric vehicle. This is the case of Norway and the Netherlands, which propose banning the sale of gasoline and diesel vehicles from 2025; Germany studies introducing the same measure from 2030 and France and the United Kingdom, ten years later. Another measure that is being studied in the European Parliament is the possibility of requiring by law that 25% of vehicles in circulation be electric from 2025.
Measures to reduce emissions
Our country is one of the heavy-wight signatory of Paris Climate Agreement 2016 and is looking forward to bring down emission level by 25% by 2030.
Some cities in our country are already pioneers in promoting measures against pollution that in turn promote the use of electric cars, which includes the sanction of 25 electric buses to Himachal Pradesh under FAME Scheme and launch of integrated electric mobility solution by Ola in Nagpur. But steps are to be taken in big cities for a traffic restriction system when pollution levels are high, and ranging from limiting speed to prohibiting the circulation of combustion cars within the city. Measures that do not apply to drivers of electric cars.
Renewable energy to contribute to the goal of zero emissions
A vehicle powered by batteries does not pollute anything while driving, but the energy consumed during its manufacture and that of the materials used can be polluting sources. The good news is that the impact on the environment will be less and less. According to European legislation, in 2020, at least 40% of electricity production must come from renewable sources, so indirect emissions from an electric car will be just over 3 kilograms of CO 2 on average per 100 kms, a fifth of the emissions of a current gasoline vehicle.
The electric mobility pays off
There is no doubt: Although nowadays the initial cost of acquisition is higher, the electric car pays off in the long term, thanks to its lower cost of maintenance and energy, and also to the tax savings. In addition, going to the EV means being able to enter the city center, for example, when restrictions occur in episodes of high pollution, such as in Mumbai or New Delhi.
To these advantages, we must add the additional benefits offered by most of the municipalities and other public administrations, such as the exemption from the registration tax or the discount in the Road Tax; the option of free parking in public paying areas, free access to tolls, etc.
The gas station at home
The autonomy offered by EVs is increasing by leaps and bounds: the majority of EVs that will hit the market in the coming years will be no less than 400km. But today, with much less, we can cover 95% of the needs we have for daily commutes in urban or peri-urban settings. In addition, it is becoming easier to find quick charge points available on public roads or shopping malls.